• Hee Seok Yang

Nanozyme Impregnated Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Alleviation


Nanozyme Impregnated Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Alleviation



Academic Journal

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces

Volume 13, 11 May 2021, Issue 22, Pages 25575-26650

Impact Factor: 8.758



Author

Abhishek Sahu,∥ Jin Jeon,∥ Min Suk Lee, Hee Seok Yang,* and Giyoong Tae*



Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) based therapy holds great potential for treating numerous diseases owing to their capability to heal injured tissue/organs through paracrine factors secretion and immunomodulation. Despite the high hopes, the low viability of transplanted cells in the injured tissues due to the elevated oxidative stress levels remains the largest obstacle in MSC-based cell therapy. To achieve desired therapeutic efficiency, the survival of the transplanted MSCs in the high oxidative stress environment needs to be ensured. Herein, we proposed the use of a ROS-scavenging nanozyme to protect transplanted MSCs from oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis and thereby improve the therapeutic effect. Prussian blue (PB) nanoparticles as a biocompatible ROS-scavenging nanozyme were incorporated into the MSCs without affecting the stemness and differentiation potential of MSCs. The nanozyme impregnation significantly improved the survival of MSCs in a high oxidative stress condition as well as augmented their paracrine effect and anti-inflammatory properties, resulting in a profound therapeutic effect in vivo in the liver ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury animal model. Our results indicated that the nanozyme incorporation into MSCs is a simple but efficient way to improve the therapeutic potential of MSC-based cell therapy.

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